Periodontal medicine is a specialty area focused on diagnosing, treating, and preventing periodontal (gum) disease. This specialized field involves medical and dental professionals working together to create a patient’s individualized treatment plan and make patients more comfortable during necessary procedures. The area of periodontics also encompasses restorative procedures that restore gum tissue and supporting bone structure to a healthy state, as well as proper maintenance techniques to prevent future issues. Visit Essence of Dentistry for the best dental care treatments that offer value for money and are tailored to particular requirements.
Gum disease is an infection of the gums caused by poor oral hygiene that allows plaque to build up between the teeth. Over time, the plaque hardens into tartar which irritates the gums and causes inflammation. If left untreated, the inflammation and infection will slowly destroy the soft and hard tissues supporting the teeth and may eventually lead to tooth loss. While anyone can develop gum disease, certain risk factors may make individuals more susceptible to developing the disease, including smoking, diabetes, pregnancy, old age, genetics, stress, grinding, orthodontic treatment, and poor diet.
Treatments for Periodontal Disease
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling is the deepest cleaning you can get from your routine cleanings. It involves removing plaque, tartar, and bacteria below the gum line, where regular brushing and flossing can’t reach. Scaling is typically performed every three to four months to treat early signs of gum disease.
Pocket Reduction Surgery
If gum disease has progressed past scaling and root planing and pockets of bacteria and tartar have spread below your gum line, pocket reduction surgery can help restore your gums to their healthy state. During this procedure, your dentist will fold back the gum tissue and remove the bacteria underneath. The gums are then sutured back into place to reduce the depth of the pockets. In some cases, dentists will also cover the roots of the teeth with biocompatible materials to prevent bacteria growth in the future. Don't worry about the procedure; we use the most advanced technologies that give the best results while minimizing pain and tooth structure preparation.
Soft-tissue grafts may be necessary to restore the mouth to its original state when there is significant bone loss due to advanced gum disease. During a soft-tissue graft, a small portion of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth or another source and stitched over areas where the gums have suffered damage. This restores the gumline and protects the root structures from decay.
The most common symptoms associated with gum disease are red, swollen gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth. You may also experience persistent bad breath that doesn’t go away. If you notice these symptoms, visit Essence of Dentistry at 16300 Redmond Way #200, Redmond, WA 98052, or call (425) 249-7789 to book an appointment.